Water for Food Security and Well-being in Latin America and by Bárbara A. Willaarts, Alberto Garrido, M. Ramón Llamas

By Bárbara A. Willaarts, Alberto Garrido, M. Ramón Llamas

This quantity offers an analytical and facts-based evaluate at the development accomplished in water safeguard in Latin the United States and the Caribbean (LAC) sector over over the last decade, and its hyperlinks to neighborhood improvement, foodstuff defense and human future health. even though the publication takes a local process, masking an unlimited of knowledge referring to many of the LAC quarter, a few chapters concentrate on seven nations (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru).

A complete figuring out of LAC’s tendencies growth calls for framing this area within the international context: an ever extra globalized global the place LAC has an expanding geopolitical strength and a transforming into presence in foreign nutrients markets. The book’s particular targets are: (1) exploring the advancements and hyperlinks among water and meals protection in LAC international locations; (2) assessing the function of the socio-economic ‘megatrends’ in LAC, picking out suggestions approaches among the region’s saw trend of alterations concerning key biophysical, fiscal and social variables associated with water and nutrition defense; and (3) reviewing the severe alterations which are happening within the institutional and governance water spheres, together with the function of civil society, that could signify a promising capability to advancing in the direction of the target of enhancing water defense in LAC.

The ensuing photograph exhibits a sector the place contemporary socioeconomic improvement has resulted in vital advances within the domain names of meals and water protection. monetary development in LAC and its more and more very important function in foreign alternate are extreme when it comes to use of typical assets resembling land, water and effort. This poses new and demanding demanding situations for sustainable improvement. The reinforcement of nationwide and worldwide governance schemes and their alignment at the development of human overall healthiness is and should stay an inescapable prerequisite to the success of long-lasting safeguard. aiding this daring proposal with evidence and science-based conclusions is the last word aim of the book.

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On the other hand, because of the large pollution problems this sector generates for downstream water users and ecosystems. 4 Development and sustainability goals: confrontation or alignment? The strategic value of lAC's natural dividend offers a triple-sided topic of research and inquiry. On the one hand, the role of lAC in the world's current food system and its contribution to global food security cannot be emphasized enough. Interestingly, this crucial role has become a reality in just one decade, and the consequences are now beginning to emerge, in both the political and the scientific spheres.

A crucial feature that distinguishes lAC from other regions is that most of its vast agricultural production is obtained in rain-fed systems, relying thus primarily on green water. This green water embedded in agricultural exports are of critical importance for global food and water security. likewise, lAC's food-water and non-food water are also crucial for regional development and for meeting its growing domestic consumption needs. In the particular case of lAC, with its booming economy and a heavy reliance on natural resources, one can imagine scenarios where the rest of the world's craving for food and natural resources compromises the livelihoods of future lAC's generations and scenarios where the two positively reinforce each other.

5% between 2000 and 2010. The remaining 80% of food water consumption is used for to satisfy the internal demand of a growing and wealthier population. South Americds main trading partners are now in Asia t especially China and India t while Central America and the Caribbean still export primarily to North America. Exports from South America to Asia contributed to 30% of the virtual water trade increase between 1986 and 2007 95% of which is green water. In this context t Brazil and Argentina are now major players in the global markets of agricultural commodities t providing up to 1 3% of the global annual green water exports.

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