By Terrell Carver
Marx used to be a hugely unique and polymathic philosopher, unhampered through disciplinary obstacles, whose highbrow impact has been huge, immense. but within the wake of the cave in of Marxism-Leninism in jap Europe the query arises as to how very important his paintings quite is for us now. a tremendous size of this quantity is to put Marx's writings of their ancient context and to split what he truly acknowledged from what others (in specific, Engels) interpreted him as announcing. proficient by way of present debates and new views, the amount offers a finished insurance of the entire significant components to which Marx made major contributions.
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Extra info for The Cambridge Companion to Marx (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy)
This mute discourse, which knows neither its audience nor their needs, can transmit anything anywhere. It does not know to whom it is speaking, to whom it should speak, who can and cannot be admitted to a sharing [partage] of the logos. The living logos of the philosopher, the science of truth and lying, is also a science of speech and silence. It knows the right time for keeping quiet. Written discourse, on the other harid, is as incapable of keeping quiet as it is ofspeaking. Mute in the face ofphilosophers' questions, it cannot restrain itself from speaking to the unini tiated.
It should not be understood as a "pro slavery" discourse designed to justifY an inegalitarian social order or to shut men up in the "totalitarianism" of its idea. Its concern is less to lock others up than to protect itself from them, less to impose its truth than to safeguard its appearance. Nobility, we know, consists of that first and foremost. Plato's order and delirium express neither philosophy's com promise with the established political orders nor its stubborn attempt to impose its own truth on the disorders of the city.
When Nietz sche glorifies the lie oflife and the noble passion for appearance against the Socratic and plebeian passion for truth, he may only be prolonging the wrath of the philosopher-king against the ple beian Socrates of Xenophon the agrarian landlord, and against Antisthenes the popular philosopher. That truth derives its legiti macy only from the noble lie that distinguishes highborn souls from those born for the hammering of forges and the uproar of assemblies-this is the Platonic lesson that Nietzsche confirms .