Deviance and Inequality in Japan: Japanese Youth and Foreign by Robert Stuart Yoder

By Robert Stuart Yoder

Japanese adolescence and overseas migrants face stringent institutionalised controls in Japan. This e-book questions the efficacy of such social controls, concentrating on the interrelation of inequality (powerlessness, discriminate controls and sophistication inequality) and deviance (largely derived from strength and the violation of casual and formal norms). It presents a finished distinctive description and clarification of inequality and deviance of eastern formative years and 17 overseas migrant teams. The publication is aimed toward contributors, scholars and academicians drawn to Japan region studies.

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Letendre (2000, p 55), in his field study of Japanese middle schools, made the following comment: 28 Japanese youth Japanese schools demand tremendous conformity in external presentation. In addition to school uniforms, schools require students to behave with certain decorum coming and going from school. Any irregularities in the basic routine – whether an incorrect uniform, use of nail polish, or too much talking at student assembly – were interpreted as signaling potential problems in either individual or group routine.

Communities of the working class in Japan are found in urban centres often located near entertainment districts, residential areas near their place (factories, farms etc) of employment and in low-cost housing areas (Mizushima, 1973;Yoder, 1986; Sugimoto, 2003; Yoder, 2004). Concentrations of the working class are found in certain districts such as Arakawa ward, a suburb of Tokyo, in suburban neighbourhoods of industrial cities and in agricultural areas like that of Ibaraki or in traditionally poor farming districts (Greenfield, 1994; Okano and Tsuchiya, 1999; Sugimoto, 2003; Yoder, 2004).

The police and teachers often team up and go on patrols for the purpose of catching youth in ‘the wrong’. The list of other complementary delinquency prevention organisations is quite long. A. and Big Sister and Big Brother organisations (Ames, 1981;Yoder, 1986; Foljanty-Jost, 2000; Minei, 2003). ‘Delinquency prevention’ is a misleading term since surveillance activities, apprehension and monitoring the youth offender are its defining characteristics, not preventing delinquency. Excepting organisations that offer youth an opportunity to engage in social activities such as YMCA and Boy and Girl Scouts, delinquency prevention connotes adult control and sanctions of youth deviant behaviour, a one-sided and un-trusting relationship in preventing delinquency.

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