Des choses cachées depuis la fondation du monde by René Girard

By René Girard

On savait, depuis l. a. Violence et le Sacré, que toute société humaine est fondée sur los angeles violence, mais une violence tenue à distance et comme transfigurée dans l’ordre du sacré. Dans ce nouveau livre, René Girard applique cette instinct originaire au grand recueil mythique de l. a. mémoire occidentale, c’est-à-dire à los angeles Bible qui est tout entière, selon lui, le cheminement inouï vers le Dieu peaceful de notre civilisation. Il s’ensuit une relecture critique et proprement révolutionnaire du texte évangélique qui apparaît du coup comme un grand texte anthropologique, le seul à révéler pleinement le mécanisme victimaire. Il s’ensuit aussi l. a. fondation d’une nouvelle psychologie fondée sur un mécanisme easy et universel que Girard appelle l. a. « mimésis » et qui permet de faire le partage entre les processus d’appropriation, générateurs de violence, et les antagonismes, producteurs de sacré. Chemin faisant, on assiste à de magistrales analyses comparatives de Proust et de Dostoïevski, de Freud et de Sophocle, à l. a. lumière de cette suggestion nouvelle et qui se révèle particulièrement féconde de « désir mimétique ». René Girard, cette fois, approche du yet, de cette anthropologie générale qui est, de son propre aveu, le projet ultime de son œuvre : c’est pourquoi il nous donne là peut-être un des livres clés pour comprendre les mystères de notre monde et de ses plus lointaines, de ses plus archaïques généalogies.

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Extra resources for Des choses cachées depuis la fondation du monde

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In fact, there seem to be no necessary correlates between any of these three binaries at all! They describe typical sex, gender, and sexual orientations of human beings, but no factor seems to cause any other factor. " This work is nascent and has produced no reliable results as of yet. What is suggested, at this early stage, is that there may be no single characteristic that influences gender and/or orientation, but might possibly be a combination of influences. 75 I am less interested in biological causes of gender Such studies include investigations into differences in brain structure, the structure of the hypothalamus, neuroendocrine structures, and genetic trends linked to the X chromosome.

Ontical. For all the value of the natural sciences, and there is a great value indeed, there are questions to be asked about human experiences that the sciences do not address. Furthermore, the sciences do not provide us with the best methodology for every inquiry. Biology and psychology, for instance, are limited in their scope to specific facts about Dasein and the world, and do not address the meaningfulness that makes these facts worth going to the time and trouble of gathering and interpreting.

So, while Sheets-Johnstone is correct that without embodiment, and the essential sexual difference that occurs in embodiment, the cultural construction of gender and sexual difference as we know it would not be possible, it is equally the case that without the cultural construction of gender and sexual difference, the intelligibility of actual bodies, produced by nature in all their diversity, would not be possible. We do not have males and females simply because nature makes human bodies of only two types.

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