Creoles of Color in the Bayou Country by Carl A. Brasseaux

By Carl A. Brasseaux

Creoles of colour are rightfully one of the first households of south-western Louisiana. but in either antebellum and postbellum classes they remained a humans thought of except the remainder of the inhabitants. Historians, demographers, sociologists, and anthropologists have given them in basic terms scant attention.This probing ebook, fascinated about the mid-eighteenth to the early 20th centuries, is the 1st to scrutinize this multiracial team via an in depth learn of fundamental source materials.During the antebellum interval they have been excluded from the state's three-tiered society--white, unfastened humans of colour, and slaves. but Creoles of colour have been a dynamic part within the region's economic system, for they have been self-compelled in efforts to develop into and imperative a part of the neighborhood.

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For example, Lucien Donato married Manette Balque, originally from Pointe Coupée; Auguste Donato married his Page 24 first cousin Marie Denyse Meuillon; Marie Louise Donato married Attakapas native Hilaire Frilot; and Marie Denise Donato married François Lemelle. All of Baptiste Meuillon's children married their Donato and Lemelle cousins of the second and third generations. Because they were geographically isolated at Bois Mallet, the children of Jean-Baptiste Guillory and Victoire Donato either married their Guillory cousins or other Creole of Color residents of the Bois or Prairie Mallet areas.

Matriarchal free black households consequently grew less and less common in the late antebellum period. Indeed, although interracial alliances remained a fixture in the region's cultural landscape, despite the prohibition against interracial unions in the 1825 civil code (Sterkx 243), by 1850 they constituted less than 10 percent of all FPC households in the old Opelousas district (now subdivided into St. Landry and Calcasieu parishes)with the exception of Vermilion Parish, where there were only two free black families.

CreolesLouisianaHistory.  CreolesLouisianaGenealogy.  Title. 3'00444dc20 94-20383 CIP British Library Cataloging-in-Publication data available Page v Contents Illustrations vii Foreword by Clifton Carmon ix Preface xi Chapter 1 Origins and Early Development 3 Chapter 2 Roots, Trunks, and Branches 14 Chapter 3 Antebellum Economic, Social, and Legal Realities 40 Chapter 4 Class and Cultural Orientation 68 Chapter 5 Vigilantes, Jayhawkers, and Postbellum Hard Times 81 Chapter 6 Conclusion 104 Appendix A: Civil Suits Involving Creoles of Color, Clerk of Court's Office, St.

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