Confronting the Costs of War by Michael N. Barnett

By Michael N. Barnett

What determines the options wherein a nation mobilizes assets for struggle? And does struggle practise advance or weaken the kingdom relating to society? In addressing those questions, Michael Barnett develops a singular theoretical framework that lines the relationship among struggle education and alterations in state-society kinfolk, and applies that framework to Egypt from 1952 to 1977 and Israel from 1948 via 1977. Confronting the prices of struggle addresses significant concerns in diplomacy, comparative politics, and heart japanese reports. What determines the recommendations in which a country mobilizes assets for conflict? And does battle guidance increase or weaken the nation with regards to society? In addressing those questions, Michael Barnett develops a singular theoretical framework that lines the relationship among struggle instruction and alterations in state-society kin, and applies that framework to Egypt from 1952 to 1977 and Israel from 1948 via 1977. Confronting the prices of warfare addresses significant matters in diplomacy, comparative politics, and heart jap reviews.

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51 A state with a high degree of legitimacy is better able both to mobilize societal resources and to undertake a restructural strategy. 52 For example, during the Iran-Iraq War Sadaam Hussein expended considerable energy at myth making; he attempted to convince the population that they were contributing to a war to serve the interests of the nation, not Hussein himself. 53 In general, the existence of both high state legitimacy and societal cohesion increases the state’s ability to implement a restructural strategy at a reduced political cost.

Jürgen Kocka, Facing Total War) The decision context structures the range of political and economic costs associated with governmental policies available for extracting revenue, directing production, and raising armies for war; it thereby shapes the actual strategies adopted by state managers. Although any number of environmental factors can impinge on governmental actions, the relevant decision context is dependent on whether it is attempting to mobilize financial, productive, or human resources; that is, the government’s capabilities are policy dependent.

The government’s conscription policy is shaped by its legitimacy and its autonomy. 28 In general, the government’s conscription policy is a useful indicator of broader state-society issues. There tends to be a direct relationship between the state’s legitimacy and its ability to conscript widely. The state’s legitimacy in the modern era is founded on the principle that the state’s decisions and exercise of authority are derived, in spirit if not in practice, from societal participation. Therefore, the state and its political institutions must have a strong societal basis to garner societal compliance with its policies.

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