Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán: Liberals, the Second by Douglas W. Richmond

By Douglas W. Richmond

The Yucatán Peninsula has one of many longest, so much multifaceted histories within the Americas. With the coming of Europeans, local Maya with lengthy and winning cultural and diplomatic traditions in their personal needed to grapple with outdoor forces trying to impose new templates of lifestyles and politics on them.  Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán presents a carefully researched examine of the vexed and bloody interval of 1855 to 1876, in which successive nationwide governments applied, changed, and restored liberal policies.
 
Synthesizing an intensive and heterogeneous variety of resources, Douglas W. Richmond covers 3 tumultuous political upheavals of this era. First, Mexico’s fledgling republic tried to impose a liberal ideology at odds with conventional Maya tradition on Yucatán; then, the French-backed regime of Emperor Maximilian started to reform Yucatán; and, eventually, the republican forces of Benito Juárez restored the liberal hegemony. Many matters spurred resistance to those liberal governments. Instillation of unfastened alternate guidelines, the suppression of civil rights, and persecution of the Roman Catholic Church mobilized white competition to liberal governors. The Mayas fought the seizure in their communal homes. A long-standing hope for neighborhood autonomy united almost all Yucatecans. Richmond advances the thought-provoking argument that Yucatán either fared greater below Maximilian’s moment Empire than lower than the liberal republic and could have thrived extra had the second one Empire no longer collapsed.
 
the main violent and bloody manifestation of those extensive conflicts was once the Caste battle (Guerra de Castas), the longest sustained peasant rebellion in Latin American heritage. the place different students have endorsed the simplistic place that the struggle used to be a Maya rebellion designed to reestablish a legendary prior civilization, Richmond’s subtle recounting of political advancements from 1855 to 1876 restores nuance and complexity to this pivotal time in Yucatecan history.
 
Richmond’s Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán is a great addition to scholarship approximately Mexico and Yucatán in addition to approximately country consolidation, empire, and regionalism.

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Extra info for Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán: Liberals, the Second Empire, and Maya Revolutionaries, 1855-1876

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He also enlisted chaplains to offer religious services and enjoyed friendly relations with Santa Anna, who once again led Mexico after a successful revolt from Guadalajara in Janu­ary 1853. 43 The Yucatecan legislature also supported the war effort with promising legislation. Congress established a national guard and detailed how these essentially municipal militias were to be used. By Janu­ary 20, 1851, 17,000 soldiers were officially under arms through­out theYucatecan peninsula. Six days later, deputies appropriated 100,000 pesos to pursue an all-­out war against the Maya rebels.

Fearful whites and mestizos fled to Mérida or other west­ern outposts. Cozumel became a prominent haven for refugees during the Caste War. 26 Previously, white intellectuals and writers had begun to depict the Maya as the noble savage although weak, degenerate, and ignorant. 27 Yucatecan forces routinely executed captured Maya insurgents. 29 Aid from British Honduras sustained the Maya revolt. Britain’s imperial ambitions in Central America and the Caribbean found a new outlet in Yucatán. When Yucatán declared its independence from Mexico in 1840, British Honduras merchants supported Mérida with weapons.

This is because the Catholic Church encouraged Mayas to accept religious objects, such as 28 / Chapter 2 the cross, that they considered miraculous. Barrera claimed that the cross trans­ mitted a message to him, and he used a ventriloquist as the mouthpiece of the cross. After Barrera died, Venancio Puc rose to power late in the 1850s. Through this device, Puc directed the campaign from Chan Santa Cruz, located in what is now Quintana Roo. 38 The Speaking Cross became a powerful symbol that enabled Maya priests to campaign for autonomy.

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