Concise Dictionary of Materials Science: Structure and by Vladimir Novikov

By Vladimir Novikov

A close wisdom of the terminology and its historical past is important for a basic realizing of the pro literature within the box of fabrics technology. This sharply targeted, authoritative lexicon provides the reader a coherent inspiration of microstructure formation and evolution. all of the time period definitions are provided with motives and cross-references, providing a constant photograph of microstructure in steel and non-metallic polycrystalline fabrics. Written by means of an writer with over thirty years of educating and learn event, it fills the terminological hole among the textbooks on fabrics technology and the pro literature. Concise Dictionary of fabrics technological know-how: constitution and Characterization of Polycrystalline fabrics comprises greater than 1400 phrases conventional in smooth literature, learn, and perform. through the dictionary, the emphasis is on lattice defects and their function in diffusion, plastic deformation and part transitions, in addition to at the granular constitution and its formation and adjustments during part transitions, recrystallization, and grain progress. additionally, the entire entries from the dictionary are offered within the English-German/German-English thesaurus, offering in a single quantity easy access to the major options and phrases in either one of the languages.Highlighting constitution description, formation, and characterization, Concise Dictionary of fabrics technology is a truly invaluable reference for college kids in fabrics technology and engineering, for researchers, engineers, and technologists in metalworking, microelectronic, and ceramic industries, in addition to for readers with no technical history.

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Core segregation See coring. coring Microsegregation in dendrites of phases that change chemical composition in the course of solidification. It reveals itself in the variation of solute concentration from the core to the periphery of the dendritic arm. The dendrite core is enriched by a component increasing the solidification temperature in the concentration range concerned, which depends on the configuration of the liquidus line and not just on the solidification temperature of the components.

5), except it is formed by atoms of two kinds. CsCl structure type is characteristic of ionic crystals. CSL-boundary See special grain boundary. cube-on-edge texture See Goss texture. , in Albased alloys. 5 Unit cell of crystal structure CsCl; solid and open spheres denote various atoms. parallel to the rolling direction. It is usually observed in thin tapes of FCC metallic materials with medium stacking-fault energy. The preceding coldrolling texture should have the following main components: {112}〈111〉, {011}〈211〉 and {123}〈634〉.

In the case that atoms (ions) are taken to be rigid spheres, some of them being of a small radius r and others of a greater radius R, and small atoms (ions) are surrounded by greater ones and vice versa, the shape of coordination polyhedrons is determined by the ratio r/R. 0, a cube (CN = 8). If r/R corresponds to the upper limit of the ranges named, all the atoms (ions) are in contact, and the corresponding polyhedron is regular. coordination shell Shell of an atom or ion formed by the nearest neighbors in a crystal structure; it is called the first coordination shell.

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