Coastal Karst Landforms by Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie

By Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie

Carbonate rock coasts are chanced on world-wide, from continental seashores of the Adriatic Sea of Europe to the Yucatan Peninsula of North the United States, and on tropical islands from Rodrigues Island within the Indian Ocean, to the Mariana Islands within the Pacific Ocean, to the Bahama Islands within the Atlantic Ocean. Such coasts are renowned for his or her strange and designated karst landforms. Karst strategies, quite these linked to coastal landforms, are proving to be unusually specific and intricate.

This quantity provides a finished evaluation of the approaches linked to coastal karst improvement evaluating examples from a huge geographical and geomorphological variety of island and continental shoreline/paleoshoreline settings, together with a evaluation of pseudokarst techniques which may compete with and overprint dynamic coastal karst landscapes.

As potent administration of hydrologic assets grows extra complicated, coastal caves and karst characterize basic parts in linked coastal aquifers, which within the rock list may also shape major petroleum reservoirs.

Audience via offering a clearer knowing of the geological, organic, archaeological and cultural worth of coastal caves and karst assets, this quantity deals a serious device to coastal researchers and geoscientists in comparable fields and to coastal land managers because it illustrates the variety of coastal karst landforms, the original approaches which shaped them, the range of assets they harbor and their courting to coastal area protection techniques and the advance of sustainable administration approaches.

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2007). Main groups of organisms that bore into limestone substrates of coastal and nearshore environments are cyanobacteria, algae, and fungi. They attack the substrate by chemical means via production of acids and chelating compounds or manipulation of photosynthetic and respiratory activities during daily cycles (Tribollet 2008) or by physical action of hyphae (Chen et al. 2002). They bore into rock in order to escape environmental stresses and predators. Photoautotrophic microbes remain ecologically limited to nearsurface layers reached by light, as filaments retain connections with the surface (Trenhaile 1987).

2009), polychaete worms (Hutchings and Peyrot-Clausade 2002), sipunculid worms (Williams and Margolis 1974), molluscs (Morton and Scott 1980), echinoderms (Mokady et al. 1996), and crustaceans (Ahr and Stanton 1973). Fish are important only in subtidal settings, particularly on coral reefs (Risk and McGeachy 1978). Living organisms erode rock by mechanical means (bioabrasion) or by chemical means (biocorrosion) (Tribollet and Golubic 2011). Many species rely on both when making their variously shaped excavations.

Laterally extensive belts of differently-colored rock at and just above the water level are a familiar feature of many temperate limestone coasts (Fig. 5d). In addition to continuous belts, localized dark patches form in places of intense surf and tend to expand along topographic lows and fractures in rock where wave splash pools or flows. Despite ubiquity, these dark areas appear to have had no geomorphic term assigned to them. Local names used along the northern Adriatic coast are mrkine and variants (Lovri´c et al.

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