By M. Monirul Qader Mirza, Q.K Ahmad
This booklet addresses the main urgent water source concerns in South Asia, really when it comes to weather switch and variability. this can be a area characterized by way of ample water through the monsoon, while devastating floods take place, and by means of shortage of water and droughts through the dry interval. those severe occasions usually reason huge harm to infrastructure, estate, livestock and human populations. Agriculture and different key monetary sectors endure drastically in the course of those occasions. the result of weather and hydrologic types point out elevated vulnerability until sufficient model measures are designed and implemented. Such guidelines have to depend on a framework that comes with lively participation of the stakeholders.
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Additional info for Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia
M. M. Q. MIRZA AND Q. K. 3 Major Himalayan glaciers Country/State Glaciers Himachal Pradesh Chandra, Bhaga, Chandra-Nahan, Beas Kund Zemu, Kanchenjunga Bicham, Kangto Yamnotri, Gangotri, Satopanath, Milam, Pindari Sikkim Arunachal Pradesh Garhwal/Kumaon Nepal Bhutan Api, Annapurna, Langtang, Khumbu, Yalung Chomolhari Source: Subba, 2001. Fig. 4 Water and Population Dynamics (Modified from: Sherbinin, 1998). 3 INDUSTRIAL GROWTH Industrial development is being fostered as an important element of economic growth.
The life of the Kaptai Reservoir in Bangladesh was estimated to be 300 years, but today it is calculated at only 186 years (Mirza, 1986). The Kulekhani reservoir, which had a life expectancy of 100 years, lost 1 million m3 of its gross storage capacity in just 12 years after its impoundment, which began in 1981. The reservoir had a designed storage of 12 million m3. 8 million m3 of sediment into the reservoir (Nippon Koei, 1994). The specific sediment yield of this torrent was 38,000 m3/km2, but the siltation rate assumed in the design of the reservoir was just 700 m3/km2/year (JICA, 1974).
Roeckner, E. : Intensified Asian Summer Monsoon and Its Variability in a Coupled Model Forced by Increasing Greenhouse Gas Concentrations. 2681-2684. , 2001a. , 2001b. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA): Feasibility Report on Kulekhani Hydroelectric Project, JICA, Tokyo, Japan, 1974. , Meehl, G. , Mitchell, J. F. , Stouffer, R. , Weaver, A. , Wigley, T. M. : Climate Models-Projections of Future Climate. In: Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. , 1996. Kotlyakov, V. , 1999.