By R. Amritavalli (auth.), Veneeta Dayal, Anoop Mahajan (eds.)
The researchers within the box of theoretical and theoretically susceptible descriptive linguistics have for a very long time felt a necessity for designated and obviously awarded linguistic remedies of varied syntactic phenomena in South Asian languages.
Clause constitution in South Asian Languages:
- provides a finished assessment and covers significant features of clause constitution in numerous South Asian languages;
- provides unique analyses of numerous features of word constitution of many favorite South Asian languages;
- gives theoretically updated therapy of numerous vital concerns in South Asian syntax and semantics;
- contains papers via one of the most trendy linguists engaged on South Asian languages.
Read or Download Clause Structure in South Asian Languages PDF
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Additional info for Clause Structure in South Asian Languages
I will pursue the latter hypothesis here, since it is this assumption that will turn out to explain the unusual semantic properties of the construction. With all this in mind, the logical form for the sentence (24) above would be: for some event e: e is a Resultant event of e1 which holds now the speaker is the ‘agent’ of e1 The mango is the ‘theme’ of e1 → e1 culminated some time previous to now. Or in logical notation: (25) ∃e1 ∃t:[t = t*]∃e:[τ(e) ᭺ t][e = R-state(e1) & eating(e1) & Θ1(e1, ‘speaker’) & Θ2(e1, ‘the mango’) & e occurs at t] There is thus an important difference between the [+telic] feature which gives rise to the so-called ‘perfective’ tenses and the ‘perfect’ tense as described here.
In this way, we can use Relation 2 to encode the sorts of distinctions traditionally considered to be ‘aspectual’. With these preliminaries out of the way, we are in a position to be specific about the semantic contributions of certain formal features one might wish to use in constructing the LFs of natural language propositions. The tense features [+past], [+pres] and [+fut] can be seen to relate the t of predication to the speech time t* in the obvious ways, where the intuitive correspondences are given below.
Reflect (thus) may not be the substance of features, but the positions or domains of their realization. Compare the nomenclatures “relative” and “absolute” tense, or “aspect” and “tense,” for temporal features in nonfinite and finite clauses respectively. Negation-as-mood is a familiar idea in some traditions. , English has no subjunctive). ” Then all languages mark veridicality (Indicative mood) and averidicality (negation), but may or may not mark other types of non-veridicality such as the subjunctive.