Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Water Science and Technology Board, Committee on Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences

New examine possibilities to improve hydrologic sciences promise a greater knowing of the function of water within the Earth method that can support enhance human welfare and the well-being of our surroundings. achieving this realizing would require either exploratory learn to raised know how the common setting capabilities, and problem-driven learn, to fulfill wishes resembling flood safeguard, offer of consuming water, irrigation, and water pollutants. Collaboration between hydrologists, engineers, and scientists in different disciplines might be significant to assembly the interdisciplinary examine demanding situations define during this document. New technological services in distant sensing, chemical research, computation, and hydrologic modeling can help scientists leverage new study possibilities.

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Extra resources for Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences

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Remote Sensing and Geophysical Techniques The inherent and pervasive irregularity of Earth’s surface and subsurface properties presents an impasse in the ability to characterize and predict hydrologic processes. However, recent breakthroughs in satellite and remote imaging and sensing and ground-based geophysical techniques have provided unprecedented opportunities to break this impasse by collecting and analyzing a massive amount of field data. A few examples are provided, below, to highlight the currently available techniques that have contributed greatly to new ideas but have yet to be fully exploited in advancing hydrologic science.

Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences THE HYDROLOGIC SCIENCES 25 FIGURE 1-1 The microwave radar and radiometer instruments on board the Earthorbiting Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), launched in 1997, allow unprecedented insights into the three-dimensional structure of precipitating clouds. This image is of Typhoon Neoguri in the Southern Pacific, April 17, 2008. gov. to launch in 2014, will map global precipitation as part of a constellation R02116 of Earth-observing satellites.

2009 by Elsevier. Figure 1-7 bitmapped, uneditable with different temperature and humidity relative to, say, a concrete parking lot and so affect the behavior of the atmosphere. Furthermore, soil properties affect how readily water and nutrients can be taken up from the soil by plant roots but again the growth of the roots themselves changes the soil structure, which is relevant to vadose zone hydrology, the subdiscipline concerned with water in soils. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

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