Category: Science

  • The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the by Julian Jaynes

    By Julian Jaynes

    Publish yr note: First released in 1976

    At the center of this vintage, seminal booklet is Julian Jaynes's still-controversial thesis that human recognition didn't start a ways again in animal evolution yet as an alternative is a discovered approach that happened in simple terms 3 thousand years in the past and continues to be constructing.

    The implications of this progressive medical paradigm expand into nearly each point of our psychology, our background and tradition, our faith -- and certainly our future.

    Literary awards
    National ebook Award Finalist for modern concept (1978)
    Show description

  • Bold Ventures: Volume 2 Case Studies of U.S. Innovations in by Senta A. Raizen (auth.), Senta A. Raizen, Edward D. Britton

    By Senta A. Raizen (auth.), Senta A. Raizen, Edward D. Britton (eds.)

    This booklet offers finished effects from case reports of 5 recommendations in technology schooling that experience a lot to supply towards realizing present reforms during this box. every one bankruptcy tells the tale of a case in wealthy element, with vast documentation, and within the voices of the various participants-the innovators, the lecturers, the scholars. equally, quantity three of daring Ventures pre­ sents the implications from case stories of 5 strategies in arithmetic schooling. quantity 1 presents a cross-case research of all 8 concepts. Many U.S. readers definitely may be very accustomed to the identify of no less than one if now not all the technology options mentioned during this volume-for instance, venture 2061-and most likely with their normal substance. a lot of the schooling community's familiarity with those arises from the initiatives' personal dissemination efforts. The learn said during this quantity, even if, is among the few specific reviews of those options undertaken through researchers outdoors the initiatives them­ selves. all the 5 reviews used to be a large-scale attempt regarding groups of researchers over 3 years. those groups analyzed many files, attended quite a few severe venture conferences, visited a number of websites, performed dozens of person interviews. The group leaders (Atkin, Huberman, Rowe), having spent a lot time with technological know-how schooling over lengthy careers, checked out those concepts via many lenses. It used to be a frightening activity for every group to sift throughout the mountains of aspect so one can convey the main compelling subject matters to the surface.

    Show description

  • God Created The Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs by Stephen Hawking

    By Stephen Hawking

    Bestselling writer and physicist Stephen Hawking explores the "masterpieces" of arithmetic, 25 landmarks spanning 2,500 years and representing the paintings of 15 mathematicians, together with Augustin Cauchy, Bernard Riemann, and Alan Turing. This vast anthology permits readers to see into the brain of genius through supplying them with excerpts from the unique mathematical proofs and effects. It additionally is helping them comprehend the development of mathematical inspiration, and the very foundations of our present-day applied sciences. every one bankruptcy starts off with a biography of the featured mathematician, in actual fact explaining the importance of the end result, by way of the whole facts of the paintings, reproduced from the unique e-book.
    Show description

  • Computational Science – ICCS 2008: 8th International by Craig C. Douglas (auth.), Marian Bubak, Geert Dick van

    By Craig C. Douglas (auth.), Marian Bubak, Geert Dick van Albada, Jack Dongarra, Peter M. A. Sloot (eds.)

    The three-volume set LNCS 5101-5103 constitutes the refereed complaints of the eighth foreign convention on Computational technology, ICCS 2008, held in Krakow, Poland in June 2008.

    The 167 revised papers of the most convention music provided including the abstracts of seven keynote talks and the a hundred revised papers from 14 workshops have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen for inclusion within the 3 volumes.

    The major convention song used to be divided into nearly 20 parallel classes addressing issues corresponding to e-science purposes and structures, scheduling and cargo balancing, software program companies and instruments, new and its purposes, laptop networks, simulation of advanced platforms, photograph processing and visualization, optimization recommendations, numerical linear algebra, and numerical algorithms. the second one quantity includes workshop papers concerning numerous computational examine parts, e.g.: special effects and geometric modeling, simulation of multiphysics multiscale platforms, computational chemistry and its functions, computational finance and company intelligence, actual, organic and social networks, geocomputation, and instructing computational technology. The 3rd quantity is generally with regards to machine technological know-how themes equivalent to bioinformatics' demanding situations to laptop technology, instruments for software improvement and research in computational technology, software program engineering for large-scale computing, collaborative and cooperative environments, functions of workflows in computational technology, in addition to clever brokers and evolvable systems.

    Show description

  • Quantum Leaps in the Wrong Direction : Where Real Science by Charles M. Wynn, Arthur W. Wiggins

    By Charles M. Wynn, Arthur W. Wiggins

    Astrology...poltergeists and ghosts...firewalking...spontaneous human combustion...psychic surgery...ESP. this is often the stuff of tabloid headlines. certain, many folks locate them laughable, yet reflect on that those papers are all staying in company simply because everyone is procuring them-and frequently believing of their outrageous tales, even labeling all of it technological know-how. in truth that now not all "science" is created both. certainly, a few "science" isn't technological know-how in any respect yet is basically downright bogus-in different phrases, pseudoscience. in spite of the fact that, isolating the wheat from the chaff is probably not as effortless as you think that when you think about what number of people are seduced by means of the headlines that encompass them within the grocery store line. UFOs and creationism definitely have their advocates between clever and proficient humans. occasionally, even though, wrongly held ideals can get you into genuine difficulty. ponder the proclamation via Marshall Applewhite: "Planet Earth approximately to be recycled. Your likelihood to survive-leave with us."In April 1997, 39 people-believing simply that-committed suicide of their communal domestic in Rancho Sante Fe, California. They was hoping to shed their earthly "containers" and be whisked away by way of extraterrestrials to a spaceship and, eventually, the next point of lifestyles. regrettably, their tragically inaccurate trust within the pseudoscientific declare of Marshall Applewhite price them their lives. "Quantum Leaps within the fallacious Direction" takes us on a travel of the main infamous situations of pseudoscience and units the checklist immediately. to obviously display what's wrong with this model of ersatz technological know-how, the authors glance heavily at what's correct approximately genuine technology, after which examine the genuine clinical method with that of pseudoscience. Readers study that science's most simple price is that each one rules approximately truth are topic to trying out by means of test and problem by way of serious, rational thought.Scientifically literate thinkers settle for rules tentatively. They base their popularity on proof instead of on authority. those people who are now not scientifically literate usually tend to settle for rules completely. they're extra liable to poor or phony principles. "Quantum Leaps within the incorrect Direction" attracts the road among what's sturdy technological know-how and what isn't even quite technological know-how in any respect. the foundation for the publication starts with the exam of the 5 most generally believed pseudoscientific principles: UFOs, out-of-body stories, astrology, creationism, and ESP those rules are reviewed intimately to work out simply how good they withstand medical scrutiny. Cleverly illustrated with cartoons by means of the well known Sidney Harris, "Quantum Leaps within the flawed Direction" is either marvelous enjoyable in addition to illuminating science.Although many technological know-how issues can appear mysterious, specially for those who particularly get into the main points, ultimately its equipment and concepts are remarkably trouble-free. "Quantum Leaps within the fallacious Direction" takes this methodical method of dissect the worst within the box. significantly witty, disarmingly enjoyable, this can be a e-book for anyone-especially for these people who payment their horoscope daily.
    Show description

  • Selecting Instructional Materials: A Guide for K-12 Science by Maxine Singer and Jan Tuomi (Editors), Committee on

    By Maxine Singer and Jan Tuomi (Editors), Committee on Developing the Capacity to Select Effective Instructional Materials, National Research Council

    The nationwide technological know-how schooling criteria set wide content material targets for educating grades K-12. For technological know-how education programs to accomplish those objectives - certainly, for technology educating to be most advantageous - lecturers and scholars desire textbooks, lab kits, video clips, and different fabrics which are transparent, exact, and aid scholars in attaining the pursuits set through the criteria. "Selecting recommendations" offers a conscientiously field-tested technique to assist schooling decisionmakers overview and select fabrics for the technological know-how lecture room. The suggested technique is exclusive, adaptable to neighborhood wishes, and life like given the time and cash obstacles common to college districts. This quantity incorporates a consultant outlining the full technique for college district facilitators, and gives assessment tools for every step. It severely experiences the present choice technique for technology instructing fabrics - within the 20 states the place the country board of schooling units forth a steered checklist and within the 30 states the place fabrics are chosen fullyyt by means of neighborhood decisionmakers. "Selecting guidelines" explores how paying for judgements are motivated by way of father or mother attitudes, political concerns, and the selling abilities of these who produce and promote technology educating fabrics. it is going to be crucial to kingdom and native schooling decisionmakers, technology application directors and academics, and technology schooling advocates.
    Show description

  • Virus of the Mind: The Revolutionary New Science of the Meme by Richard Brodie

    By Richard Brodie

    We're surrounded by means of info within the twenty first Century: we're bombarded through ads, attitudes, celebrities, information, wars, model, the newest fads...the sheer volume of data we've entry to seems untameable, unworkable, and an excessive amount of to realize feel from until we decide and select very rigorously. even though, our offerings are quite often made for us because the results of ads, media businesses, the govt. and pop culture. the result of those offerings are referred to as memes, and their effect is shaping not only society yet us separately, and on a middle point, past psychology, own unfastened will, or even genetics. the first actual e-book almost about memes, and the way they behave similar to viruses, this can be a major learn into the facility of conversation and 'going besides every person else'. "Virus of the brain" explains simply how we're 'infected' by way of the planned shaping of society's attitudes and behaviours - and the way we will be able to therapy ourselves.
    Show description

  • As the Future Catches You: How Genomics & Other Forces Are by Juan Enriquez

    By Juan Enriquez

    In because the destiny Catches You, Juan Enriquez of the Harvard company tuition makes an attempt to trap the trajectory of technological development and comprehend the forces shaping our social and financial futures. Enriquez argues that February 2, 2001--the date that any one with net entry may perhaps reflect on the full human genome--is corresponding to 1492 and Columbus's discovery of the US. rather than a brand new continent besides the fact that, Enriquez sees the alphabet of DNA (A, adenine; T, thymine; C, cytosine; and G, guanine) and predicts that it'll be the "dominant language and monetary motive force of this century." whereas not one of the rules awarded listed here are totally new, because the destiny Catches You stands proud due to Enriquez's skill to view and attach trends--genomics in particular--in a fashion that nearly a person can comprehend. Eye-popping typography and pics coupled with a compact and nearly poetic writing sort make this thought-provoking ebook one to get pleasure from.
    Show description

  • Dr. Euler's Fabulous Formula: Cures Many Mathematical Ills by Paul J. Nahin

    By Paul J. Nahin

    Within the mid-eighteenth century, Swiss-born mathematician Leonhard Euler built a formulation so leading edge and intricate that it keeps to motivate learn, dialogue, or even the occasional limerick. Dr. Euler's brilliant Formula stocks the attention-grabbing tale of this groundbreaking formula--long considered as the most excellent for mathematical beauty--and indicates why it nonetheless lies on the center of advanced quantity theory.

    This e-book is the sequel to Paul Nahin's An Imaginary story: the tale of I [the sq. root of -1], which chronicled the occasions top as much as the invention of 1 of mathematics' such a lot elusive numbers, the sq. root of minus one. not like the sooner booklet, which committed an important quantity of house to the historic improvement of advanced numbers, Dr. Euler starts with discussions of many subtle functions of advanced numbers in natural and utilized arithmetic, and to digital expertise. the themes coated span a major variety, from a never-before-told story of an come across among the well-known mathematician G. H. Hardy and the physicist Arthur Schuster, to a dialogue of the theoretical foundation for single-sideband AM radio, to the layout of chase-and-escape problems.

    The publication is on the market to any reader with the similar of the 1st years of faculty arithmetic (calculus and differential equations), and it supplies to encourage new functions for future years. Or as Nahin writes within the book's preface: To mathematicians 10000 years for this reason, "Euler's formulation will nonetheless be appealing and wonderful and untarnished through time."
    Show description

  • Nanoscale Science and Technology by J. L. Costa-Krämer, N. Garcia, M. Jonson, I. V. Krive, H.

    By J. L. Costa-Krämer, N. Garcia, M. Jonson, I. V. Krive, H. Olin, P. A. Serena (auth.), N. García, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, H. Rohrer (eds.)

    Nanoscale technology and Technology summarizes six years of lively study subsidized through NATO with the participation of the top specialists.
    The ebook presents an interdisciplinary view of numerous elements of physics on the atomic scale. It includes an outline of the newest findings at the delivery of electrons in nanowires and nanoconstrictions, the function of forces in probe microscopy, the keep an eye on of buildings and houses within the nanometer diversity, features of magnetization in nanometric constructions, and native probes for nondestructive size as supplied by way of mild and steel clusters close to atomic scales.

    Show description