Category: Science

  • Invisible: The Dangerous Allure of the Unseen by Philip Ball

    By Philip Ball

    If provided the chance—by cloak, spell, or superpower—to be invisible, who wouldn’t are looking to provide it a attempt? we're attracted to the assumption of stealthy voyeurism and the facility to hide our personal acts, yet as fascinating because it could appear, invisibility is usually harmful. it isn't simply an optical phenomenon, yet a situation filled with moral questions. As esteemed technology author Philip Ball finds during this publication, the tale of invisibility isn't rather a lot a question of ways it would be completed yet of why we need it and what we'd do with it.

    during this energetic examine a undying thought, Ball presents the 1st accomplished background of our fascination with the unseen. This sweeping narrative strikes from medieval spell books to the newest nanotechnology, from fairy stories to telecommunications, from camouflage to ghosts to the sunrise of nuclear physics and the invention of darkish strength.  

    Along the way in which, Invisible tells little-known tales approximately medieval monks who blamed their misdeeds on spirits; the Cock Lane ghost, which intrigued either Samuel Johnson and Charles Dickens; the makes an attempt through Victorian scientist William Crookes to observe forces utilizing tiny windmills; novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton’s trust that he used to be unseen whilst in his dressing dress; and army efforts to enlist magicians to conceal tanks and ships in the course of WWII.  Bringing in such voices as Plato and Shakespeare, Ball offers not just a systematic heritage yet a cultural one—showing how our simultaneous hope for and suspicion of the invisible has fueled invention and the mind's eye for centuries.

    during this strange and shrewdpermanent ebook, Ball exhibits that our fantasies approximately being unseen—and seeing the unseen—reveal marvelous truths approximately who we're.
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  • Five Billion Years of Solitude by Lee Billings

    By Lee Billings

    An intimate heritage of Earth and the search for all times past the sunlight system For 4.6 billion years our residing planet has been by myself in an enormous and silent universe. yet quickly, Earth's isolation may perhaps come to an finish. over the last twenty years, astronomers have chanced on hundreds of thousands of planets orbiting different stars. a few of these exoplanets can be reflect pictures of our personal international. And extra are being came upon for all time. but because the speed of discovery hurries up, a solution to the universe's maximum riddle nonetheless continues to be simply out of succeed in: Is the good silence and vacancy of the cosmos an indication that we and our global are one way or the other singular, precise, and profoundly on my own, or does it simply suggest that we're searching for lifestyles in the entire improper areas? As star-gazing scientists come towards studying the reality, their insights are proving ever extra the most important to figuring out life's problematic mysteries and probabilities the following on the earth. technological know-how journalist Lee Billings explores the earlier and way forward for the 'exoplanet boom' via in-depth reporting and interviews with the astronomers and planetary scientists at its vanguard. He recounts the tales in the back of their world-changing discoveries and captures the pivotal moments that drove them ahead of their historical look for the fi rst liveable planets past our sun approach. Billings brings readers on the subject of a variety of interesting characters, resembling: FRANK DRAKE, a pioneer who has used the world's maximum radio telescopes to behavior the 1st searches for extraterrestrial intelligence and to transmit a message to the celebs so strong that it in brief outshone our sunlight. JIM KASTING, a mild-mannered former NASA scientist whose examine into the Earth's surroundings and weather unearths the private foundations of lifestyles on our planet, foretells the top of existence on the earth within the far away destiny, and courses the planet hunters of their look for alien lifestyles. SARA SEAGER, a visionary and iron-willed MIT professor who goals of escaping the sunlight process and development the enormous area telescopes required to find and research life-bearing planets round 1000s of the Sun's neighboring stars. via those and different desirable stories, Billings lines the triumphs, tragedies, and betrayals of the intense women and men looking existence one of the stars. even with insu cient investment, clashing evaluations, and the issues of a few of our world's such a lot widespread and robust scientifi c companies, those planet hunters won't relaxation till they fi nd the that means of existence within the infi nite depths of house. Billings emphasizes that the heroic quest for different Earth-like planets isn't just a scientifi c pursuit, but in addition a refl ection of our personal culture's undying hopes and fears.
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  • The Case for Mars: The Plan to Settle the Red Planet and Why by Richard Wagner, Robert Zubrin

    By Richard Wagner, Robert Zubrin

    Because the starting of human background Mars has been an eye-catching dream-- the stuff of legends, gods, and secret. The planet so much like ours, it has nonetheless been suggestion most unlikely to arrive, not to mention discover and inhabit.
    Now with the arrival of a innovative new plan, all this has replaced. major area exploration authority Robert Zubrin has crafted a bold new blueprint, Mars Direct, offered right here with illustrations, photos, and interesting anecdotes.
    "The Case for Mars" isn't really a imaginative and prescient for the some distance destiny or one who will rate us most unlikely billions. It explains step by step how we will be able to use present-day expertise to ship people to Mars inside ten years; really produce gas and oxygen at the planet's floor with Martian common assets; how we will be able to construct bases and settlements; and the way we will at some point "terraform" Mars-- a technique that may adjust the ambience of planets and pave the way in which for sustainable existence.
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  • Silicon Chemistry: From the Atom to Extended Systems by Peter Jutzi, Ulrich Schubert

    By Peter Jutzi, Ulrich Schubert

    The mixed effects from a world study venture regarding forty interdisciplinary teams, delivering the most recent wisdom from the prior few years. Adopting an application-oriented process, this useful reference is a must have for each silicon chemist, no matter if operating in inorganic, natural, actual or polymer chemistry, fabrics technological know-how or physics.
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  • Brainworks: The Mind-bending Science of How You See, What by Michael S. Sweeney

    By Michael S. Sweeney

    Admit it. should you listen the notice "neuroscience," you predict anything summary and distant, very advanced, of little sensible worth. yet this's personal.

    In a hugely expected, three-part sequence airing at the nationwide Geographic Channel in Fall 2011, nationwide Geographic's Brainworks makes YOU the try out topic in an array of stunning demanding situations and experiments. Your mind can be influenced, fooled, and eventually surprised, as scientists and different specialists express you the way this three-pound blob of grey topic successfully makes you, you.

    The tv application brings jointly a crack crew of scientists and researchers from quite a lot of fields, together with neurology, psychology, and opthamology. information professional Dan Simons and reminiscence specialist Elizabeth Loftus are only of the notables who lend their substantial brainpower to this unparalleled venture. this system additionally attracts at the information of these who site visitors in mind tricks—illusionists akin to David Copperfield and Apollo Robbins and artists corresponding to colour specialist Beau Lotto—to carry each one mind-bending phantasm to life.

    The alluring spouse e-book extra messes together with your head throughout the visible illusions chanced on and perfected by way of masters of good paintings in addition to via deceptively uncomplicated illustrations which are finely crafted via psychologists to focus on the best way we take up and procedure the area round us.

    In 3 sections—"Seeing," "Thinking," and "Being"—you'll see for your self why those visible illusions and experiments hoodwink the mind. You'll learn how the constitution of the attention affects what you spot. And you'll give some thought to occasions that won't have truly occurred, so as to learn the way the brain can create a fake memory.

    Rather than just exhibiting a suite of puzzlers or visible illusions, each one bankruptcy publications you thru a sequence of perceptual and inspiration experiments firsthand after which walks you thru your brain's response in transparent, straight forward language—providing each reader with a compelling own curiosity find out why his or her brain acts how it does.

    Smart, fascinating, and deeply enticing, Brainworks pulls you in, manipulates your brain, and leaves you with a greater understanding—as good as a richer appreciation—of the psychological marvels that we take for granted.
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  • From X-rays to DNA: How Engineering Drives Biology by Jeffrey Drazen, W. David Lee, Phillip A. Sharp, Robert S.

    By Jeffrey Drazen, W. David Lee, Phillip A. Sharp, Robert S. Langer

    Engineering has been a vital collaborator in organic examine and breakthroughs in biology are usually enabled through technological advances. deciphering the double helix constitution of DNA, for instance, in simple terms grew to become attainable after major advances in such applied sciences as X-ray diffraction and gel electrophoresis. prognosis and remedy of tuberculosis better as new applied sciences -- together with the stethoscope, the microscope, and the X-ray -- constructed. those engineering breakthroughs occur clear of the biology lab, and lots of years might elapse sooner than the know-how turns into on hand to biologists. during this booklet, David Lee argues for concurrent engineering -- the convergence of engineering and organic examine -- as a method to speed up the speed of organic discovery and its software to analysis and remedy. He offers broad case experiences and introduces a metric to degree the time among technological improvement and organic discovery.Investigating a sequence of significant organic discoveries that variety from pasteurization to electron microscopy, Lee reveals that it took a typical of 40 years for the mandatory know-how to develop into to be had for laboratory use. Lee demands new techniques to analyze and investment to inspire a tighter, extra collaborative coupling of engineering and biology. purely then, he argues, can we see the swift advances within the lifestyles sciences which are severely wanted for life-saving analysis and therapy.
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  • Visual Dysfunction in Diabetes: The Science of Patient by Heather Stuckey (auth.), Joyce Tombran-Tink, Colin J.

    By Heather Stuckey (auth.), Joyce Tombran-Tink, Colin J. Barnstable, Thomas W. Gardner (eds.)

    An intriguing contribution to the sector, Visual disorder in Diabetes: The technology of sufferer Impairment and Improvementis designed with overriding targets: to assist readers comprehend the influence of imaginative and prescient impairment in humans dwelling day-by-day with diabetes instead of contemplating diabetic retinopathy exclusively as a scientific challenge, and to discover what we all know and do not learn about the methods diabetes impact the attention. With the plethora of latest info being generated, there are nonetheless a chain of primary questions that needs to be addressed if potent remedies for diabetic retinopathy are to be discovered and utilized. constructed by way of a well known staff of experts, Visual disorder in Diabetes: The technological know-how of sufferer Impairment and Improvementoffers responses and context for various questions, resembling: do metabolic components past glucose give a contribution to vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy? if that is so, how do those result in imaginative and prescient impairment? Is diabetic retinopathy a reaction to systemic metabolic abnormalities or are there exact ocular difficulties on the topic of insulin resistance? what's the courting among the neural, vascular, and inflammatory abnormalities in diabetic retinopathy? Do they symbolize a pathological cascade brought about sequentially or simultaneous responses to at least one or extra metabolic perturbations? The authors be aware that if we don't handle these kinds of questions, it's attainable that the lengthy means of constructing new therapeutics will goal just one arm of the pathology and go away the retina open to destructive outcomes of the others. state of the art, accomplished, and a useful addition the study and medical literature, Visual disorder in Diabetes: The technological know-how of sufferer Impairment and Improvement deals assistance and an important step towards new medical ways that may reduce the devastating imaginative and prescient impairment linked to diabetes.

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