Category: Criminology

  • La Pinta: Chicana o Prisoner Literature, Culture, and by B. V. Olguín

    By B. V. Olguín

    During this groundbreaking examine in line with archival learn approximately Chicana and Chicano prisoners--known as Pintas and Pintos--as good as clean interpretations of works through popular Pinta and Pinto authors and activists, B. V. Olgu?n presents an important insights into the vital roles that incarceration and the incarcerated have performed within the evolution of Chicana/o heritage, cultural paradigms, and oppositional political praxis. this can be the 1st textual content on prisoners often, and Chicana/o and Latina/o prisoners specifically, that gives a number case stories from the 19th century to the current. Olgu?n locations a number of techniques in discussion in the course of the pairing of representational figures within the historical past of Chicana/o incarceration with particular issues and themes. Case reports at the first nineteenth-century Chicana prisoner in San Quentin nation legal, Modesta Avila; well known late-twentieth-century Chicano poets Ra?l Salinas, Ricardo S?nchez, and Jimmy Santiago Baca; lesser-known Chicana pinta and writer Judy Lucero; and notorious Chicano drug baron and social bandit Fred G?mez Carrasco are aligned with topics from pop culture comparable to prisoner tattoo artwork and handkerchief artwork, Hollywood Chicana/o gangxploitation and the prisoner movie American Me, and prisoner schooling tasks. Olgu?n presents a clean serious interrogation of Chicana/o subaltern organisation, which too frequently is well known as unambiguously resistant and oppositional. As such, this research demanding situations long-held presumptions approximately Chicana/o cultures of resistance and proposes very important explorations of the complicated and contradictory dating among Chicana/o enterprise and beliefs.
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  • Breaking women : gender, race, and the new politics of by Jill A. McCorkel

    By Jill A. McCorkel

    Winner of the 2014 department of girls and Crime individual pupil Award awarded by means of the yank Society of Criminology

    Finalist for the 2013 C. Wright turbines e-book Award offered through the Society for the examine of Social Problems
     
    Since the Eighties, while the warfare on medicinal drugs kicked into excessive equipment and legal populations soared, the rise in women’s cost of incarceration has gradually outpaced that of guys. consequently, women’s prisons within the US have suffered might be the main vastly from the overcrowding and recurrent price range crises that experience plagued the penal procedure considering that harsher medicinal drugs legislation got here into influence. In Breaking Women, Jill A. McCorkel attracts upon 4 years of on-the-ground examine in a massive US women’s criminal to discover why more durable drug rules have so tremendously affected these incarcerated there, and the way the very nature of punishment in women’s detention facilities has been deeply altered for that reason.
     
    Through compelling interviews with prisoners and country body of workers, McCorkel finds that well known so-called “habilitation” drug therapy courses strength girls to just accept a view of themselves as inherently broken, aberrant addicts so as to safe an past liberate. those courses have been created in an effort to enact stricter punishments on lady drug offenders whereas ultimate delicate to their perceived female wishes for therapy, but they as an alternative paintings to implement stereotypes of deviancy that finally humiliate and degrade the ladies. The prisoners are left feeling misplaced and alienated after all, and plenty of by no means actually handle their habit because the courses’ organizers could have was hoping. a desirable and but sobering learn, Breaking Women foregrounds the gendered and racialized assumptions in the back of tough-on-crime guidelines whereas supplying a vibrant account of ways the modern penal process affects person lives.
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  • Deviance and Inequality in Japan: Japanese Youth and Foreign by Robert Stuart Yoder

    By Robert Stuart Yoder

    Japanese adolescence and overseas migrants face stringent institutionalised controls in Japan. This e-book questions the efficacy of such social controls, concentrating on the interrelation of inequality (powerlessness, discriminate controls and sophistication inequality) and deviance (largely derived from strength and the violation of casual and formal norms). It presents a finished distinctive description and clarification of inequality and deviance of eastern formative years and 17 overseas migrant teams. The publication is aimed toward contributors, scholars and academicians drawn to Japan region studies.
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  • Introducing criminology by Clive Coleman

    By Clive Coleman

    Criminology, or the research of crime, has built swiftly as a topic in recent times, whereas crime and the matter of ways to reply to it became significant issues for society as an entire. This e-book offers a succinct, hugely readable - and lots more and plenty wanted - advent to criminology in case you are looking to study extra, whether or not they are already learning the topic, considering doing so, or simply to find what criminology is set.

    Introducing Criminology starts off by way of asking simple questions: what's crime? what's criminology?, ahead of analyzing the ways that crime has been studied, and searching on the major methods and faculties of proposal inside of criminology and the way those were constructed. The authors concentration quite upon makes an attempt to appreciate and clarify crime by means of the disciplines of psychology and sociology, and examine additionally the impression of feminist and postmodern suggestion at the improvement of the topic. within the moment a part of the e-book the authors take 3 very various issues to demonstrate topics raised within the first half the booklet, exploring the actual concerns raised via every one subject, and exhibiting how criminologists have long gone approximately their paintings.

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  • Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis (Crime Science by Richard Wortley, Michael Townsley

    By Richard Wortley, Michael Townsley

    Environmental criminology is a normal label that covers various overlapping views. on the middle, a few of the strands of environmental criminology are sure by way of a typical specialise in the position that the rapid setting performs within the functionality of crime, and a conviction that cautious analyses of those environmental affects are the most important to the powerful research, regulate and prevention of crime. Environmental Crime and Crime research brings jointly for the 1st time the major contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively outline the sector and synthesize the ideas and concepts surrounding environmental criminology. The chapters are written through top theorists and practitioners within the box. each one bankruptcy will study one of many twelve significant parts of environmental criminology and crime research. This booklet might be crucial interpreting for either practitioners and undergraduate and postgraduate scholars taking classes during this topic.
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  • Crime in the Art and Antiquities World: Illegal Trafficking by Stefano Manacorda, Duncan Chappell

    By Stefano Manacorda, Duncan Chappell

    The robbery, trafficking, and falsification of cultural estate and cultural background objects are crimes of a very advanced nature, which usually have overseas ramifications and critical financial results. equipped legal teams of assorted forms and origins are interested in those unlawful acts.

    The publication Crime within the paintings and Antiquities World has contributions both from researchers focusing on the unlawful trafficking of art, and representatives of overseas associations concerned with prevention and detection of cultural property-related crimes, equivalent to Interpol and UNESCO.

    This work is a different and precious reference for students and personal and public our bodies alike.

    This leading edge quantity additionally comprises an Appendix of the prevailing felony texts, i.e. overseas treaties, conventions, and resolutions, that have no longer formerly been on hand in one volume.

    As somebody who has undertaken study or examine in relation to the security of cultural background discovers one of many frustrations encountered is the absence of prepared entry to the multi- a number of overseas tools which exist within the box. because the finish of the second one international battle those tools have proliferated, first in line with expanding popularity of the necessity for concerted multinational motion to offer higher safeguard to cultural estate in the course of armed clash in addition to making sure the repatriation of cultural estate looted in the course of such clash. hence the overseas neighborhood agreed in 1954 upon a tradition for the safety of Cultural estate within the occasion of Armed Conflict.

    That conference, usually often called the Hague conference of 1954, is now to be came upon reproduced within the Appendix to this ebook (Appendix I) including 25 different vital and numerous records that we think symbolize a middle of the fundamental overseas resources of reference during this topic quarter. In offering those files in a single position we are hoping that readers will now event much less frustration whereas having the good thing about supplementing their figuring out and interpretation of a few of the tools by means of relating person chapters within the publication facing a selected factor or subject. for instance, bankruptcy nine through Mathew Bogdanos presents a few particular and every now and then fairly miserable descriptions of the appliance within the box of the Hague conference 1954, and its Protocols (Appendices II and III), to the armed clash in Iraq. Reference can also be needed to the answer of the UN protection Council in may perhaps 2003 (Appendix VI) urging Member States to take acceptable steps to facilitate the secure go back of looted Iraqi cultural estate taken from the Iraq nationwide Museum, the nationwide Library and different destinations in Iraq. regardless of such pleas the foreign antiquities industry turns out to have persevered to exchange such looted estate in a mostly unfettered demeanour, as tested through Neil Brodie in bankruptcy 7.

    Fittingly, as said within the Preface to this publication, the final rfile inside the Appendix (Appendix 26) is the “Charter of Courmayeur”, formulated at a flooring breaking foreign workshop at the safeguard of cultural estate performed via the overseas clinical Advisory Council (ISPAC) to the United international locations Crime Prevention and legal Justice software in Courmayeur, Italy, in June 1992. The constitution makes point out of a few of the tools inside the Appendix whereas additionally foreshadowing the various advancements that have taken position within the resulting 20 years designed to wrestle illicit trafficking in cultural estate via overseas collaboration and motion within the enviornment of crime prevention and legal justice.

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  • Environmental Harm: An Eco-justice Perspective by Rob White

    By Rob White

    Challenging traditional definitions of environmental damage, this publication considers the matter from an eco-justice standpoint. Rob White the following identifies and systematically analyzes 3 interconnected ways to environmental damage: environmental justice (which specializes in damage to humans), ecological justice (which specializes in damage to the environment), and species justice (which specializes in damage to non-human animals). interpreting the efforts of activists and social events engaged in those reasons, White describes the tensions among the 3 techniques and demands a brand new eco-justice framework that might permit for the reconciliation of those differences. 
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  • American Penology: A History of Control by Karol Lucken, Thomas G. Blomberg

    By Karol Lucken, Thomas G. Blomberg

    the aim of American Penology is to supply a narrative of punishment's prior, current, and certain destiny. the tale starts within the 1600s, within the surroundings of colonial the USA, and leads to the current because the tale evolves via a variety of old and modern settings, America's efforts to appreciate and regulate crime spread. The context, principles, practices, and effects of varied punishment reforms are defined and tested. even though the book's broader scope and objective could be exotic from past efforts, it inevitably contains many contributions from this wealthy literature. those many contributions are explicitly mentioned within the e-book, and their courting to the tale of yank penology is self-evident (e.g., the increase of prisons, reformatories, probation, parole, and juvenile courts, the origins and capabilities of criminal subcultures, the wishes of certain inmate populations, the effectiveness of community-based choices to incarceration). it is very important recognize that whereas this ebook accommodates chosen descriptions of ancient contingencies when it comes to specific eras and punishment rules and practices, it doesn't offer person "histories" of those eras. instead of doing historical past, this publication makes use of background to border and support clarify specific punishment principles and practices with regards to the interval and context from which they developed. The authors concentration upon chosen demographic, fiscal, political, spiritual, and highbrow con-tingencies which are linked to specific old and modern eras to indicate how those contingencies formed America's punishment principles and practices. the aim is to notify the reader approximately American penology's tale because it advanced over numerous centuries. the focal point is purposely narrowed to significant punishment reform eras and chosen old impacts. In delivering a brand new realizing of bought notions of crime keep an eye on, Blomberg and Lucken not just supply insights into its destiny, but additionally convey how the bigger tradition of regulate extends past the sphere of criminology to affect declining degrees of democracy, freedom, and privateness. Thomas G. Blomberg is professor, college of Criminology and felony Justice, Florida country collage. Karol Lucken is assistant professor, division of legal Justice, college of relevant Florida.

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  • Psychology in Prisons by Graham J. Towl, David A. Crighton

    By Graham J. Towl, David A. Crighton

    Edited through the pinnacle of Psychology for HM felony carrier and the nationwide Probation provider, and completely up-to-date to take account of structural alterations inside those prone, Psychology in Prisons takes an in-depth examine the paintings of psychologists in prisons bolstered through in-depth attention of range matters comparable to age, gender, socio-economic crew, sexuality and ethnicity.

    • Focuses completely at the legal setting and prioritises useful details for practitioners operating in prisons
    • Contextualises mental paintings in prisons, and covers facts established perform in key parts equivalent to drug misuse and intercourse offending
    • Focused at the wishes of the customer group
    • Features a bit at the practicalities of mental evaluate and interventions
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