Caste-Based Reservations and Human Development in India by K S Chalam

By K S Chalam

Caste-based reservations have existed in India for greater than a century. before everything brought via the British to convey equality of chance in schooling, reservation used to be later prolonged to different sectors of the improvement approach to beat the matter of financial inequalities attributed to caste. Even this present day, recommendations like affirmative motion and quotas are being debated to justify reservation. This booklet offers a entire evaluate of the influence of caste-based reservation on human improvement in India, bearing in mind the time sequence facts. The ebook additionally analyzes the effect of caste-based reservations at the goal teams, in addition to on significant human improvement indices. another technique of utilizing the democratic precept of caste-based reservation can be mentioned.

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However, it is to be assessed now to see how many of them are really forming into an affluent bourgeoisie and what is their percentage in the total population. Educational and Socio-Economic Backwardness The Constitution of India specifically refers to the socially- and educationally-backward classes of citizens in respect of whom certain safeguards are to be ensured. Therefore, it is the educational backwardness of people that needs to be identified and the same should be used as a criterion in determining the backwardness of OBCs.

Thereupon, the government constituted a fullfledged Backward Classes Commission to draw up a list under the Chairmanship of Anantaraman. This Commission broadly categorised the backward classes into four groups consisting of (i) aboriginal tribes, vimukta jatis, nomadic, and semi-nomadic tribes, (ii) occupational and service castes, (iii) SCs who converted to Christianity, and (iv) other communities. This list was upheld by the Supreme Court in 1972 and the same list of backward classes is now being used for reservation of 25 per cent of seats in educational institutions (Government of Andhra Pradesh, 1970).

They are supported by Non-Resident Indians (NRIs). The formation of this internationalised elite has not taken place out of isolation of the nationalist pan-Aryan or Vedic revivalism in India and abroad. In fact, one should not forget the fact that more money and bricks for the Ram temple in Ayodhya poured into India from the US and other developed countries. This would not have been possible without systematic networking. Some of them who have worked for liberalisation of the economy became billionaires in a short period of time using their caste capital.

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