Buddhist Art in India by Albert Grunwedel

By Albert Grunwedel

Проф. А. Грюнведелю принадлежит честь первой попытки дать систематический обзор одного из главных отделов индийского искусства – буддийского. Книга эта уже в первом издании обратила на себя внимание специалистов, и второе, несколько дополненное и исправленное издание, ещё больше укрепило за проф. Грюнведелем право считаться одним из лучших знатоков искусства Индии.

Конечно, со времени выхода книги в ориенталистике уже наработан большой материал и опубликовано большое количество специализированных исследований по тем или иным отделам индийского искусства, получены новые данные археологии и т.д., и многие положения, отмеченные в исследовании А. Грюнведеля, могут уже считаться устаревшими и спорными. Однако, книга несомненно станет интересна всем, кто интересуется культурным наследием буддизма в Индии, как представляющая одну из значительных вех развития западной науки о Востоке.

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4. Viharas were monasteries for the accommodation of monks living together in communities, and were mostly, if not always, connected with 5. Chaityas. Ornamental Rails (suchaka) were mostly employed as the enclosures of stupas, or to surround a terrace on which stood a sacred tree, &c. The stone railings are among the most important monuments in the representation of Indian sculpture, as most of them are ornamented with reliefs on the upright shafts and In some places great stone gates transoms (suchi] or cross-bars.

8, 14, 22, bear a greater resemblance to certain ornaments of the Aryan races than those worn by the women of the early civilized territory at the present day. , are well known. ; ; 1 These in order are Pentaptera arjuna. 2 : Nauclea kadamba, Mimusops elengi, Pandanus odoratissimus, what stress is laid on this perception of beauty in the be noted that, among the beneficent acts (Tarn, aram) enumerated by Tamil moralists, besides digging wells, building hospitals, feeding Brahmans To indicate to the reader Indian mind, it may REPRESENTATION OF THE HUMAN FIGURE.

42 Fergusson, Ind. and East. Architecture, pp. 85-91 Cunningham, Bharhut Stupa Le Bon, Monum. de I'lnde, pp. 52-55. W. E. S,W. from Banaras, near the railway. The remains of the stupa there were reported to Gen. Cunningham by a native in 1873, and excavated by him in Feb. 1874. ; 2 ; ; SANCHI. in 1306-9, and again, it lately underwent a renovation at the hands Some fine of the Bengal Government, that must be regretted. roka railing seem to have found their way to the Berlin Museum. 6. PLAN AND RESTORED ELEVATION OF THE GREAT STUPA AT SANCHI.

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