By William B. Gudykunst
After laying out the fundamental theories of intercultural communique, this ebook explains the similarities and modifications in styles of verbal exchange in Japan and the U.S.. The authors then show how an knowing of those contrasting styles can assist jap and North american citizens speak extra effectively.
content material: Cultural Similarities and changes among the U.S. and Japan --
Language utilization within the usa and Japan --
communique styles within the usa and Japan --
expectancies for Japanese/North American communique --
powerful Japanese/North American Communication.
summary: After laying out the elemental theories of intercultural communique, this ebook explains the similarities and ameliorations in styles of communique in Japan and the us. The authors then reveal how an realizing of those contrasting styles will help eastern and North american citizens converse extra successfully
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Additional info for Bridging Japanese/North American differences
22). He contends that amae is "a thread that runs through all of the various activities in Japanese society" (p. 26). Doi argues that amae is based on infants' relationships with their mothers. Although amae is not limited to family relationships, when it occurs in other relationships it is perceived in terms of the relationship between a parent and a child. Amae involves a "trustful dependence" that nothing bad will happen if one person is dependent upon another person who has good feelings for him or her.
395). In high uncertainty avoidance cultures, aggressive behavior of self and others is acceptable; however, individuals prefer to contain aggression by avoiding conflict and competition. There is a strong desire for consensus in cultures high in uncertainty avoidance, and therefore deviant behavior is not acceptable. Members of high uncertainty avoidance cultures also Cultural Similarities and Differences 31 tend to display emotions more than members of low uncertainty avoidance cultures. People in low uncertainty avoidance cultures have lower stress levels and weaker superegos, and they accept dissent and take risks more than people in high uncertainty avoidance cultures.
1 1 2 ) Who is an insider and who is an outsider, then, depends on the situation and the individuals communicating. The number of ingroups, the extent of influence for each ingroup, and the depth of the influence must be taken into consideration in the analysis of individualism-collectivism (Triandis, 1988). Because individualistic cultures have many specific ingroups, they exert less influence on individuals than ingroups Cultural Similarities and Differences 23 do in collectivistic cultures. , work group, university, family) in collectivistic cultures, so they have a large influence on behavior.