By Fethi Mansouri
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Australia's encounters with the center East have traditionally been outlined at the beginning via its club of the British Empire, later as a key Commonwealth participant and extra lately via Australia's shut strategic dating with the united states. This publication strains the character of the Australia-Middle East courting, from an insular 'White Australia' ideology via to the worldwide effect of September eleven, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and the recent and menacing terror hazard that has arrived by itself doorstep.
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Additional resources for Australia and the Middle East: A Front-line Relationship (Library of International Relations)
The cover of Ellis’s book shows a sleek, late model car (the ‘express’ of the title), with camels and palms in the background: 28 AUSTRALIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST Australian speed and modernity is here framed against the lethargic and ‘timeless’ Orient. Ellis had robust ideas on the need to rule the Arab world with a rod of iron, but his experiences in the Middle East had little direct relevance for Australians, except to highlight Australian modernity. For Taylor, on the other hand, modern Japan was full of portents and at almost every turn she found new grounds for Australians to become as disciplined and efficient as the Japanese.
In contrast to the considerable fanfare accompanying the 758 volunteers, their service in the Sudan consisted mostly of skirmishing and guarding a new railroad project which, in the end, was abandoned. The highlight was their inclusion in a 30 kilometre march of 10,000 men, in square formation. The New South Wales artillery component drilled and camped, but did not come close to an enemy. The few Australian casualties were the result of disease. 8 The scale of conflict and the appalling casualties made the First World War very different from the Sudan experience, but the initial phase saw the basic pattern of Australian volunteers sailing to the Middle East repeated.
14 In arid conditions camel teams were much better suited to the harsh climate than horse or bullock teams. The cameleers were deeply resented as foreign competitors. Bitter feuds often developed between the Afghans and their European rivals. The tensions were exacerbated by hostilities within the animal kingdom itself as horses react skittishly to camels. B. Vosper, editor of the Coolgardie Miner, campaigned against the Afghans with a malevolent passion and helped form an Anti-Afghan League in 1894.