By Segun Adelana, Alan MacDonald
Groundwater is Africa’s most dear average source, offering trustworthy water offers for lots of people. additional improvement of groundwater assets is prime to expanding entry to secure water around the continent to fulfill assurance ambitions and decrease poverty. there's additionally an expanding curiosity within the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture because the weather turns into extra variable. Sustainable improvement of the source isn't really a trivial job and relies crucially on an knowing of the hydrogeology and other people with the talents to make trained judgements on how groundwater can most sensible be constructed and controlled in a sustainable model. regardless of those noticeable wishes, even though, little recognition has been paid to the systematic collecting of knowledge approximately groundwater assets long ago few many years, with the outcome that facts are patchy, wisdom is proscribed and funding is poorly targeted. This booklet used to be written to begin to bridge the information hole. The 29 chapters are written via a mixture of practitioners and researchers almost always from inside of Africa utilizing adventure from contemporary and ongoing projects. The chapters spotlight the complexity and diversity of concerns surrounding the improvement and administration of groundwater assets throughout Africa, and supply a photograph of groundwater study and alertness within the early twenty first century. Chapters diversity from strategic discussions of the position of groundwater in improvement and poverty relief, to case reports on concepts used to increase groundwater, and modelling equipment for coping with groundwater systems.
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Extra resources for Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa: IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Volume 13
Data on “informal” access to water for agricultural (livestock and crop production) and small-scale industrial uses are almost non-existent, and certainly not systematised. Data on domestic water supply coverage (distinguishing between the “served” and the “unserved”) are of higher quality, having been the focus of the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) of WHO and UNICEF since 1991. In Sub-Saharan Africa, approximately 326 million people, mostly (84%) in rural areas, lack adequate access to safe domestic water (JMP, 2006).
World Bank, 2000; CPRC, 2005). Groundwater’s potential contribution to the enhancement of livelihoods and the alleviation of poverty is great, although not without challenges and gaps in our existing understanding. One opportunity is the reduction of the costs of conventional (mechanised) drilling, and a second is the development, promotion and uptake of very low-cost well construction techniques through indigenous small-scale private enterprise. Reducing conventional drilling costs, while demonstrably possible in many countries, requires significant changes in the practices of public and private sector institutions and donors.
The role of groundwater in the water-supply of Greater Nairobi, Kenya. World Bank GW-MATE Case Profile Collection, 13. Giordano, M. 2006. Agricultural groundwater use and rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa: a first-cut assessment. Hydrogeology Journal 14, 310–318. MacDonald, A. , Calow, R. C. & Chilton, P. J. 2005. Developing groundwater: a guide for rural water supply. ITDG Publishing, Rugby, UK. , Bourzat, D. & Pingali, P. 1992. Crop-livestock interactions in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Regional & Sectoral Studies, 1.