By Miriam Lichtheim
Chronologically prepared translations of old Egyptian writings shed mild upon the improvement of various literary kinds. Bibliogs.
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Additional info for Ancient Egyptian Literature: Volume I: The Old and Middle Kingdoms (Ancient Egyptian Literature, a Book of Readings)
Ib is unclear. , p. 285: " trustworthy," and for kf. without lb, "be discreet," based on Merikare, line 64. E. d m ht1. , p. f the kf'-:~'~ own b,~IIY. s the discreet man who does not speak unguardedly. However, this IS the opposite of what one expects if kfl-Ib is d~rived. second occurrence in Ptahhotep, line 433, and to Piankhi stela, line 66, ~Ited by Hornung. Where kfl-Ib appears as an epithet of treasury offiCIals the meaning "trustee" appears appropriate. 28. " . 29. Wlth the "belly" as the seat of unreasoning feelings, desires, an~ appetites.
Isis and Nephthys looked out, beheld him , and attended to him. , his submerging). (63) They heeded in time and hrnught him to land. He entered the hidden portals in the glory of the lord s of eternity, in the steps of him who rises in the horizon, on rhc ways of Re at the Great Throne. (64) He entered the pclace and Joined the gods of Ta-tenen Pta h, lord of years. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN LITERATURE Thus Osiris came into the earth at the Royal Fortress, to the north of the land to which he had come. His son Horus arose as king of Upper Egypt, arose as king of Lower Egypt, in the embrace of his father Osiris and of the gods in front of him and behind him.
The positive sense. Yet t he pejorative sense , RdE, 16 (19 64) , 37-43· . ided th rrect overall under 7 Faulkner's study of maxims 2-4 provi e co . I 8~ding. g. , the precise meaning of lJrp-ib. I. 77 THE OLD KINGDOM ANCIENT EGYPTIAN LITERATURE ra, 8. " 9. " "To wash the heart" (I'ib) is to relieve the heart of feelings, be they of anger or of joy. In Peasant, B 205 the hunter "washes his heart" by indulging in the joy of killing animals. When the heart is " washed" it is " appeased ," as in Sinuhe, B 149.