Al-Māturīdī and the Development of Sunnī Theology in by Ulrich Rudolph

By Ulrich Rudolph

Ulrich Rudolph, collage of Zurich, translated by means of Rodrigo Adem, collage of Chicago
Al-Māturīdī (d. 944 CE), the admired Hanafi student from Samarqand, succeeded in formulating a theological doctrine that's commonly approved in Sunni Islam to this present day. the current quantity that's a revised English translation of the German unique released in 1997 examines his teachings through describing their imperative features and situating them within the historical past of kalām.
Part one investigates the advance of Hanafi proposal in Transoxania sooner than Māturīdī's time. half bargains with the opposite non secular teams (in specific the Mu'tazilites) which emerged during this quarter in the course of his lifetime. half 3 indicates how he defined and defended the placement of his predecessors; in doing so, he reformed their conventional perspectives, thereby constructing his personal theology which then grew to become the root of a brand new culture, viz. the Māturīdite university.

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1, 193; see also gas, vol. 1, 418, no. viii. 27 Ibn al-Nadīm, al-Fihrist, ed. G. 11 and (in Eng. ) The Fihrist of al-Nadīm: A Tenth-century Survey of Muslim Culture, trans. Bayard Dodge (New York, 1970), vol. 1, 500; Ibn Abī l-Wafāʾ, vol. 4, where the redaction of the brief is attributed to Ismāʿīl b. 28 It can also be added that the exterior form confirms this impression; it seems free of literary stylizations and communicates from a personal perspective with a matter-offact style. Illustrative of this are the introductory and concluding remarks, which are completely extant.

215/830);84 Abū Sulaymān Mūsā l-Jūzjānī (d. after 200/815)85 and Muḥammad b. Muqātil al-Rāzī (d. 248/862);86 Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. Isḥāq al-Jūzjānī, a student of Abū Sulaymān and also teacher of al-Māturīdī;87 and finally Abū Manṣūr al-Māturīdī (d. 333/944) himself. The lower part of the riwāya starting from al-Māturīdī, moreover, is actually less doubtful than Schacht’s skepticism makes it appear. Here, ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Mūsā l-Pazdawī, Muḥammad al-Nasafī, the latter’s son the famous Abū l-Muʿīn al-Nasafī, Burhān al-Dīn ʿAlī b.

God has shown all created things (by way of natural cognition) that they should worship Him and how they should serve Him. 53 52 ms Tehran Majlis 8/31, 30. The text of the manuscript which is the basis of the following presentation was kindly made available to me by Professor van Ess. 53 See in regard to this the following structure of the Risāla ii, summarized below. I cannot give more precise citations since I did not have access to a copy of the manuscript but 38 CHAPTER 1 Complete knowledge of God’s commandments and one’s own responsibility, however, is only known through revelation, meaning the Qurʾān.

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