A Study of the Biblical Story of Joseph (Genesis 37-50) by Donald B. Redford

By Donald B. Redford

We're tremendously indebted to Dr. Redford for this thorough piece of labor. It illustrates the necessity for monographs that can assemble jointly the accrued result of sustained examine with extra amplitude than is feasible in a piece of writing and extra element than is feasible in a remark. there are various different exact chunks of culture within the OT, really within the Pentateuch, which deserve such therapy. Redford's paintings encompasses a accomplished assessment of prior paintings, a clean and painstaking exam of numerous salient concerns, and a few positive conclusions.
The exact difficulties provided by means of the Joseph tale warrant exam in detachment from the remainder of the Pentateuch. As Redford's paintings indicates, too many matters were prejudged simply because effects (or hypotheses) derived from surrounding fabrics were approved to steer, if to not dictate, the end result of investigating Genesis 37-50. A parade instance is using the divine names, and different contrastive vocabulary-pairs, as hallmarks of the resource records J and E. As Redford indicates, Yahweh is particular to ch. 39. additionally, different pairs, like Israel/Jacob, whereas no longer correlating with this primary clue, do need to a point a concomitant distribution with the Judah/Reuben motifs.

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3 In 46: 1, however, Israel moves thither, ostensibly for the first time, from some unnamed location. Second, in 46: 1 the patriarch is pictured in the robustness of his prime, breaking camp 4 like a nomad, leading his clan to another site where he builds an altar and offers sacrifices. What has become of the feeble old gentleman of the Joseph Story, whose heart faints when he hears good news (45: 26), and who has to make long journeys in a cart (46: 5) because he is too old to walk? 5 Third, in vs.

2. Eissfeldt (ThR NF 18 [1950], 108) would see in some of this material (specifically chapters 35: 21-22; 34; 38; 49: 2-7,23-4) an older Joseph narrative, parallel to 37, 39-48, 50. g. ); Jacob's redeeming angel (48: 16); Jacob's seizure of Shechem (48: 22); the attack by the archers on Joseph (49: 23); the burial of Leah (49: 31); the aetiology of Abel-misraim (50: 11). 4 The duplicate account of the founding of Bethel (35: 14-15); the statement that Isaac had sojourned at Hebron, rather than Beersheba as the Patriarchal tales indicate (35: 27); the uncensured intermarriage of Judah with Canaanites (38); a variant account of the capture of Shechem (48: 22, 49: 5-6); a tradition that Jacob THE CONCLUSION TO THE BOOK OF GENESIS 27 redactor (if he existed) was simply a harmonist, at worst a compiler of traditions; but a more definite statement must await an examination of the "Israel" -passages of the Joseph Story.

Moore, The Literature of the Old Testament [London, 1913], 46). For a good assemblage of the views on the nature of the "P-document," see S. R. Ktilling, Zur Datierung der "Genesis-P-Stiicke" (1964), 141 ff. 2 Cf. , also above, p. 20, n. 2. Eissfeldt (ThR NF 18 [1950], 108) would see in some of this material (specifically chapters 35: 21-22; 34; 38; 49: 2-7,23-4) an older Joseph narrative, parallel to 37, 39-48, 50. g. ); Jacob's redeeming angel (48: 16); Jacob's seizure of Shechem (48: 22); the attack by the archers on Joseph (49: 23); the burial of Leah (49: 31); the aetiology of Abel-misraim (50: 11).

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