A Sociology of Crime by Stephen Hester, Peter Eglin

By Stephen Hester, Peter Eglin

Designed as a substitute to traditional texts on criminology, "A Sociology of Crime" departs from the conventional drawback with felony behaviour and its explanations to stress the socially built nature of crime. Taking a standpoint from radical sociology, Stephen Hester and Peter Elgin argue that crime is a made from social approaches which determine yes acts and individuals as legal. of their exploration of this subject, Hester and Elgin use 3 major techniques in modern sociological concept - ethnomethodology, symbolic interactionism, and structural clash conception. They observe every one of those the right way to a close examine of the anatomy of crime, while reviewing different major criminological views on either side of the Atlantic, together with the feminist one. They specialize in 3 major subject matters: making crime by way of making felony legislations; making crime by way of implementing legal legislation; and making crime by means of the management of felony justice within the courts. overseas in outlook, "A Sociology of Crime" includes fabric from the us, Britain and Canada that's heavily associated with the theoretical ways mentioned. This e-book can be of curiosity to undergraduates and postgraduates in criminology and sociology.

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This kind of emphasis is captured through the frequent use of the expression, 'reproducing capitalist social relations', to describe the role of the state in managing class conflict. It also recognizes the extent to which apparent consensus and working-class consent prevail in what structural-conflict analysts would still want to call 'class-divided societies'. Comack's (1985) analysis of the origins of Canada's narcotic drugs laws in Chapter 3 is an example of structural Marxist accounts. Such studies are indebted to the structural Marxism of Gramsci, Althusser and Poulantzas and the 'poststructuralism' of Foucault (see Cuff et aL 1990: Chapter 4; Seraton 1985): for example, Gramsci's 'concept of hegemony .

We consider two of these unintended consequences in the final section of this chapter. The women's movement and the battered wife defence Like getting drunk, drinking-and-driving is a course of action engaged in predominantly by men. It is not unknown for both practices to be followed by the beating of women (and children). The criminalization of drugs, alcohol and prostitution, and the legal regulation of jazz (Gray 1989), that occurred in the first quarter of the twentieth century in North America (Hagan 1980) and, to a lesser degree, in the UK, were accompanied by the first phase of the modern women's movement.

Except, then, for work following such dictums as Smith's, structural conflict theory generally takes for granted the detail of the interactional processes through which social phenomena such as crime are constructed. Instead, it invites us to consider that which is defined as crime, both in law and in action, from a broader, collective vantage point, with particular reference to the interests or benefits which it serves and provides for certain social groups or classes and, as has been increasingly emphasized by recent critical criminologists, the state itself.

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