A Short History of the Interpretation of the Bible by David Tracy, Robert McQueen Grant

By David Tracy, Robert McQueen Grant

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He stood closer to such a writer as Chrysostom. But the main lines of his exegesis moved further and further away from the allegorization which he originally admired. He came to emphasize the historical reality of the Old Testament narratives and prophecies. In part this emphasis was due to his textual studies” and to his growing knowledge of Jewish exegesis; in part it was due to the school of Antioch which shared precisely these interests. It might almost be said that the school of Antioch was responsible for the production of the Vulgate.

The last group consists of the apocryphal books rejected by all; the second group consists of the books which Theodore rejected and which “many people add”; only the first group, unquestioned by Theodare , is completely satisfactory. 24 72 A SHORT HISTORY OF THE INTERPRETATION OF THE BIBLE The canon of Theodore and Junilius was not destined for permanent survival, although Martin Luther was to endeavor to exclude certain books from the list of scripture. But the literal-historical exegetical method of the Antiochenes was strongly influential upon the thought of later Christianity.

Orthodox interpreters were largely united against Marcion and the Valentinians. The possibility of radical disagreement seemed fairly remote. Moreover, it could be claimed that Paul had implied such a principle of interpretation. The thoroughgoing traditionalism of the pastoral epistles pointed the way towards the outlook of Irenaeus; and such an expression as that used in 1 Timothy 1:8, to the effect that the Law must be used “lawfully,” would suggest the possibility of “lawful” interpretation.

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