By Mark Sandle
Mark Sandle is Lecturer in Russian and East eu heritage at De Montfort University.; This booklet is meant for undergraduate classes on twentieth century Soviet history/the chilly War/European history/Soviet studies/History of political thought/Marxism-Leninism. The Left.
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Extra info for A Short History Of Soviet Socialism
Subsequent adaptations in the nature of Soviet socialism can, in part, be explained by the changing interpretations of these tensions by different leaders. The chapters that follow trace the emergence of this hegemonic model, and the ways in which it was interpreted, adapted and ultimately abandoned and replaced under Gorbachev. 124 The acquisition of power in October 1917 brought them a world to transform. How was their understanding of socialism transformed by the experience of holding power?
Letter to Vera Sassoulitch, pp. 576– 80, and Preface to the Russian edition of the Communist Manifesto, pp. 583–4. 73. The most forceful exponent of this view is Kolakowski, Main currents of Marxism, vol. 2, chs 16–18. 74. Harding, Lenin’s political thought, 2 vols (London: Macmillan, 1983), vol. 1, ch. Beilharz, Labour’s utopias (London: Routledge, 1992). 75. Harding, Lenin’s political thought, vol. 1, p. 36. 76. ), pp. 42–54; Kolakowski, Main currents of Marxism, ch. 14. 77. Service, Lenin: a political life (London: Macmillan, 1985), p.
The extent of these divergences can be gauged by examining the struggle the Bolsheviks had to realize their visions. The economics of state capitalism The key issues for the Bolsheviks were to increase production and transform ownership relations. The transition to socialism and communism required stability in the short term, and a commitment to increasing production in the longer term. In the midst of revolution, war, social polarization and economic 44 THE REVOLUTIONARY SETTLEMENT collapse, the Bolsheviks were faced with attempting to wed pragmatic measures to their broad ideological prescriptions.