A Marxist History of the World: From Neanderthals to by Neil Faulkner

By Neil Faulkner

This magisterial research of human historical past - from "Lucy," the 1st hominid, to the good Recession of 2008 - combines the insights of past generations of Marxist historians with radical new principles in regards to the historic process.

Reading historical past opposed to the grain, Neil Faulkner unearths that what occurred some time past used to be now not predetermined. offerings have been widespread and diverse. varied results - liberation or barbarism - have been frequently attainable. Rejecting the top-down method of traditional heritage, Faulkner contends that it's the mass motion of standard people who drives nice events.At the start of the twenty first century - with fiscal catastrophe, warfare, weather disaster and deep classification divisions - people face probably the best situation within the lengthy historical past of our species.

The lesson of A Marxist background of the World is that, in view that we created our earlier, we will additionally create a greater destiny.

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The latter were the more dangerous. The multi-ethnic Sea Peoples amassed great pirate fleets. ’ Pre-eminent as seafarers and warriors, Greeks were among these Sea Peoples. Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey are probably based on an oral record of real events that took place around 1190 bc. His epics have transformed them into tales of derring-do by legendary heroes. The kernel of truth about the Trojan War appears to be that it was a massive seaborne raid by Greek pirates out for plunder. So the Late Bronze Age empires collapsed as the Early Bronze Age empires had done.

Twice, the Athenians led the Greek resistance, first on land at Marathon in 490 bc, then at sea at Salamis in 480 bc. Though heavily outnumbered, though farmer-amateurs fighting military professionals, on each occasion the Athenians were victorious. In the Persian Wars, an army of free men, representing the most advanced political order the world had ever seen, triumphed over the crude militarism of a traditional empire. Yet, as we shall see, Greek democracy proved to be an historical cul-de-sac The Macedonian Empire As well as being the foremost democracy in Greece, the city-state of Athens was also the richest.

If we glance forward in time, we see the same pattern elsewhere. Teotihuacan in Mexico, at its peak between ad 450 and 650, was a city of 20 square km and around 150,000 people. At its centre was a monumental complex dominated by giant pyramids. The Pyramid of the Sun is 210 square m at the base and 64 m high. Great Zimbabwe (ad 1100−1500) in the heart of Africa was a city of 20,000 people. Its wealth was based on cattle, crop cultivation, and trade in gold, copper, ivory, and slaves. Its territory extended over 100,000 square km between the Rivers Zambezi and Limpopo.

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