By James C. Howell, Mark W. Lipsey, John J. Wilson
This guide promotes a accomplished procedure based on evidence-based programming for juvenile justice structures to undertake or improve their present method. the excellent approach is supported strongly by means of the wide study base that's now to be had. This method acknowledges, first, quite small percentage of the juveniles who at the beginning input the juvenile justice process will turn out to be severe, violent, or continual offenders, yet that crew money owed for a wide share of the final volume of delinquency. an incredible section of a complete evidence-based juvenile justice method, hence, is distinguishing those offenders from others and focusing realization and assets on that smaller team. moment, a accomplished process acknowledges that severe, violent, or persistent delinquency emerges alongside developmental pathways that development from much less to extra critical profiles of offending. precedence needs to be given to interrupting those criminal careers by way of calibrating the extent of supervision and keep an eye on of the juveniles’ habit to their point of chance. The 3rd significant component to a entire procedure, consequently, is efficacious intervention courses which are able to lowering the recidivism of these juveniles in danger for additional delinquency. the great process for severe, Violent, and protracted Juvenile Offenders is an administrative framework that helps a continuum of companies that parallel the advance of criminal careers. This framework emphasizes evidence-based programming particularly on recidivism relief, and helps protocols for constructing accomplished treatment options that fit powerful providers with criminal remedy wishes alongside the life-course of antisocial careers, as they movement from consumption onward, to probation, neighborhood courses, confinement, and reentry. Juvenile justice platforms will take advantage of incorporation of a entire procedure as supplied within the guide.
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Extra resources for A Handbook for Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems
The section that follows reviews offender career trajectories in more detail and provides a developmental theory that accounts for the main trajectories. indb 31 5/29/14 10:55 AM 32 Chapter 2 A pertinent question, then, is this: What are the stepping stones to the SVC level of delinquency involvement? , 1993; see also Kelley, Loeber, Keenan, and Zang, 1997). 4, these are the authority conflict pathway, the covert pathway, and the overt pathway. The authority conflict pathway consists of predelinquent offenses, the covert pathway consists of concealing and serious property offenses, and the overt pathway consists of violent offenses.
These groups can be distinguished by their risk factors, making systematic risk assessment, and differential JJ response on the basis of that risk assessment, a core element of effective JJ practice. Second, a comprehensive strategy recognizes that serious, violent, or chronic delinquency emerges along developmental pathways that progress from less to more serious profiles of offending. The various stages of that progression are marked by increasingly serious and numerous risk factors, and diminishing protective or promotive factors, that will also be reflected in the results of systematic risk assessment.
In sum, the most effective allocation of limited resources will be to focus them on the relatively few offenders with potential for SVC careers. High-risk females and males alike should be targeted for intensive supervision and services. Further analysis should focus on recidivism reductions that accrue from service matching and program improvements in each state. Low risk youth with low likelihood of becoming SVC offenders should be diverted out of the system immediately. Moderate and high risk offenders should receive increasingly progressive sanctions and intensive services.