By Christopher Corèdon
An curiosity within the center a long time usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a note or time period which isn't understood or simply imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual aid to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and govt, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are usually present in smooth books of historical past of the interval; equally, the suitable which means of outdated English and center English phrases could elude cutting-edge reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that realizing the beginning and evolution of a notice offers a greater knowing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, another reduction to clarifying that means. CHRISTOPHER COREDON has additionally compiled the Dictionary of Cybernyms. Dr ANN WILLIAMS, historic advisor at the undertaking, used to be until eventually her retirement Senior Lecturer in medieval heritage on the Polytechnic of North London.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
A device for use in making astronomical measurements, in particular for measuring the altitude of stars. – Cf. Alidad Astrology. Intense interest in astrology emerged in 14c England, prompted by that century’s calamities of plague and famine; it was vigorously condemned by the Church, but this did not diminish its popularity or persistence. It came into England from the world of the Arabic scholars. Astronomy. Astronomy was one of the subjects of the medieval *quadrivium. Astronomy then was based upon Ptolemy of Alexandria’s *Almagest, written in the second quarter of the 2c.
Boclæden. e. the language of learning and scholarship. Bocland. e. the gift was recorded in a *charter or land-boc. Two placenames record this as Buckland: one in Lincolnshire, another, Buckland Monachorum (= belonging to the monks) in Devon. A royal grant by the book created a ius perpetuum = perpetual right. Such land could be bequeathed and inherited. For this reason, charters were extremely valuable, being the only evidence of such a grant. ) Many monasteries resorted to forgery in the *scriptorium at times of crisis when their charters could not be found.
Cf. Alba firma; Blanc; Farm; Inblanch Blasted. Her. Used of a tree without leaves. Blaze. Her. The white spot on a horse’s face. The word is incorrectly used to mean to cover or adorn with heraldic devices; the correct verb is ‘to emblazon’. – Cf. next; Emblazon Blazon. Her. The description of a coat of *arms. ‘Blazonry’ is sometimes used as a noun. ‘Blaze’ is also used sometimes but this is incorrect. – Cf. previous Blemmya. One of the many kinds of monster found in the margins of illuminated MSS or in cathedrals.