By John M. Last
Dictionary making by no means ends simply because languages are continuously altering. standard in the course of the global, this booklet will proceed to function the traditional English-language dictionary of epidemiology in its Fourth version. It covers the entire universal phrases utilized in epidemiology and plenty of from comparable fields similar to biostatistics, infectious affliction keep watch over, wellbeing and fitness advertising, genetics, scientific epidemiology, well-being economics, and scientific ethics. The definitions are transparent and concise, yet there's area for a few short essays and discussions of the provenance of significant phrases. subsidized via the overseas Epidemiological organization, the dictionary represents the consensus of epidemiologists in lots of assorted nations. all of the definitions have been reviewed time and again via a world community of members from each significant department of epidemiology. they're authoritative with no being authoritarian. The Fourth version includes good over one hundred fifty new entries and titanic revisions of in regards to the similar variety of definitions, plus a dozen new illustrations. the various new phrases relate to equipment utilized in environmental and scientific epidemiology.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 4th edition
Among the ways in which deviation from the truth can occur, are the following: 1. Systematic (one-sided) variation of measurements from the true values (syn: systematic error). 2. ) from their true values as a result of systematic variation of measurements, other flaws in data collection, or flaws in study design or analysis. 15 bias in the presentation of data 3. Deviation of inferences from the truth as a result of flaws in study design, data collection, or the analysis or interpretation of results.
See also ATTRIBUTABLE FRACTION (EXPOSED); ATTRIBUTABLE FRACTION (POPULATION); POPULATION ATTRIBUTABLE RISK; POPULATION EXCESS RATE; RATE DIFFERENCE. ATTRIBUTABLE RISK (EXPOSED) This term has been used with different connotations to denote the attributable fraction among the exposed and the excess risk among the exposed. See also ATTRIBUTABLE FRACTION (EXPOSED); RATE DIFFERENCE. ATTRIBUTABLE RISK PERCENT Attributable fraction expressed as a percentage rather than as a proportion. ATTRIBUTABLE RISK PERCENT (EXPOSED) This is the attributable fraction among the exposed, expressed as a percentage.
Rothman KJ, ed. Causal Inference. Chestnut Hill, MA: Epidemiology Resources, 1988. Susser M W. What is a cause and how do we know one? Am J Epidemiol 1991; 133:635-648. 2 CAUSATION OF DISEASE, FACTORS IN The following factors have been differentiated (but they are not mutually exclusive): Predisposing factors are those that prepare, sensitize, condition, or otherwise create a situation such as a level of immunity or state of susceptibility so that the host tends to react in a specific fashion to a disease agent, personal interaction, environmental stimulus, or specific incentive.