A Brief History of Mexico by Lynn V. Foster

By Lynn V. Foster

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The collapse was most likely caused by a combination of such factors. But one additional element of the collapse cannot be overlooked, that of the environment. D. D. June 3, 702 to August 30, 711. Considerable historical knowledge, such as K’an Xul’s name (now known to be more accurately spelled phonetically as K’an Hok’ Chitam) and his royal lineage, has resulted from rapid advances in interpreting Maya hieroglyphs. Scholars have known for the past century how to translate the Maya long count into our Gregorian calendar, but the rulers’ names, their births, accession, and other events in their lives have been translated through phonetic decipherments only in the past few decades.

The origin of the calendar, however, may very well have been in the Olmec lowlands because some of the days are named after tropical creatures such as crocodiles, jaguars, and monkeys. ” In the sacred round, numbers 1 through 13 rotate consecutively with 20 day names, then begin at 1 again with a new order of the same day names so that there is an unrepeating cycle of 260 numbered days. Calendar Round Throughout Mesoamerica, religious festivals and dynastic events were dated by the sacred round combined with the solar calendar.

For several centuries Spain had fought to rid itself of the Moorish infidels. Anarchy had ruled the land until 1492, when the last Islamic outpost surrendered at Granada. In recognition of the defeat of the Muslims, the pope granted Spain’s rulers the extraordinary privilege of heading the church in all their dominions. In the very year Christopher Columbus set sail, Spain was unified as a Christian nation under the Catholic despots, Ferdinand and Isabella, and soon thereafter under Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

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